食品词典

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食品工业基本术语:

食品工业基本术语.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 19.7 KB, Downloads: 0)


质量标语大全:

质量标语大全.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 166 KB, Downloads: 0)


工程师质量管理全套笔记:

工程师质量管理全套笔记.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 108 KB, Downloads: 0)


消毒产品分类目录:

消毒产品分类目录.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 5.86 KB, Downloads: 0)


质量工程师读书笔记:

质量工程师读书笔记.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 108 KB, Downloads: 1)


喷雾干燥操作手册英文操作手册:

喷雾干燥操作手册英文操作手册.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 871 KB, Downloads: 0)


食品包装中增塑剂英文资料:

食品包装中增塑剂英文资料.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 113 KB, Downloads: 0)


各种香料英语电子书:

各种香料英语电子书.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 2.15 MB, Downloads: 0)


三聚氰胺毒理学研究进展:

三聚氰胺毒理学研究进展.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 184 KB, Downloads: 0)


焙烤食品资料:

焙烤食品资料.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 305 KB, Downloads: 0)


乳畜品种的全面资料:

乳畜品种的全面资料.rar
(2009-01-17 08:46:05, Size: 1.21 MB, Downloads: 0)



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[本帖最后由 康桥夕阳 于 2009-1-17 10:17 编辑]

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fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:03:51
食品词典
饼干、膨化食品、酱腌菜、罐头食品、速冻面米食品、茶叶、啤酒、糖果制品标识参考样板:

饼干、膨化食品、酱腌菜、罐头食品、速冻面米食品、茶叶、啤酒、糖果制品标识参考样板.rar
(2009-01-17 09:03:51, Size: 242 KB, Downloads: 124)


葡萄酒及果酒、蜜饯、黄酒、炒货食品、炒培咖啡、水产品加工、蛋制品、可可制品标识参考样板:

葡萄酒及果酒、蜜饯、黄酒、炒货食品、炒培咖啡、水产品加工、蛋制品、可可制品标识参考样板.rar
(2009-01-17 09:03:51, Size: 218 KB, Downloads: 73)


我国制糖行业研究报告:

我国制糖行业研究报告.rar
(2009-01-17 09:03:51, Size: 148 KB, Downloads: 39)


发酵型酸奶资料:

发酵型酸奶资料.rar
(2009-01-17 09:03:51, Size: 1.15 MB, Downloads: 69)


大豆蛋白的相关资料:

大豆蛋白的相关资料.rar
(2009-01-17 09:03:51, Size: 1.07 MB, Downloads: 70)


发酵工艺教案:

发酵工艺教案.rar
(2009-01-17 09:03:51, Size: 20.6 KB, Downloads: 61)


OM操作手册:

OM操作手册.rar
(2009-01-17 09:03:51, Size: 1.72 MB, Downloads: 54)


微生物名称:

微生物名称.rar
(2009-01-17 09:03:51, Size: 15.3 KB, Downloads: 61)


《生产经理实用工具库》大全:

《生产经理实用工具库》大全.rar
(2009-01-17 09:03:51, Size: 807 KB, Downloads: 121)


fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:06:25
食品词典
赤藓糖醇资料:

赤藓糖醇资料.rar
(2009-01-17 09:06:25, Size: 169 KB, Downloads: 20)


发酵工艺学绪论部分课件:

发酵工艺学绪论部分课件.rar
(2009-01-17 09:06:25, Size: 2.31 MB, Downloads: 24)


制茶学教案:

制茶学教案.rar
(2009-01-17 09:06:25, Size: 15.1 KB, Downloads: 35)


苹果酒加工工艺:

苹果酒加工工艺.rar
(2009-01-17 09:06:25, Size: 771 KB, Downloads: 35)


果蔬加工实验教案:

果蔬加工实验教案.rar
(2009-01-17 09:06:25, Size: 85.5 KB, Downloads: 53)


水产品加工实验教案:

水产品加工实验教案.rar
(2009-01-17 09:06:25, Size: 94.2 KB, Downloads: 47)


fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:21:33
食品词典
粮油产品加工实验教案:

粮油产品加工实验教案.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 92.6 KB, Downloads: 49)


肉品加工实验教案:

肉品加工实验教案.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 90.7 KB, Downloads: 59)


《农产品贮运学》讲稿:

《农产品贮运学》讲稿.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 55.7 KB, Downloads: 19)


植物化学保护教案:

植物化学保护教案.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 29.4 KB, Downloads: 10)


肉丸子资料荟萃:

肉丸子资料荟萃.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 2.89 MB, Downloads: 48)


乳品加工实验教案:

乳品加工实验教案.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 86.9 KB, Downloads: 35)


茶讲义之工艺篇:

茶讲义之工艺篇.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 75.8 KB, Downloads: 30)


香精香料辞典:

香精香料辞典.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 136 KB, Downloads: 95)


定量包装知识:

定量包装知识.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 63.3 KB, Downloads: 58)


糖果用油脂资料汇总:

糖果用油脂资料汇总.rar
(2009-01-17 09:21:33, Size: 1.92 MB, Downloads: 32)


fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:36:44
食品词典
酸奶的综合资料:

酸奶的综合资料.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 1.53 MB, Downloads: 45)


鸡肉加工制品资料:

鸡肉加工制品资料.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 2.22 MB, Downloads: 65)


异麦芽酮糖醇:

异麦芽酮糖醇.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 160 KB, Downloads: 21)


大豆低聚糖的生理功能及在食品中的应用:

大豆低聚糖的生理功能及在食品中的应用.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 303 KB, Downloads: 15)


调味品营销研究文集:

调味品营销研究文集.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 874 KB, Downloads: 27)


利用因特网检索饮料科技信息:

利用因特网检索饮料科技信息.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 189 KB, Downloads: 16)


如何科学设计饮料配方:

如何科学设计饮料配方.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 112 KB, Downloads: 46)


显微镜相关知识整理:

显微镜相关知识整理.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 428 KB, Downloads: 22)


SQC-1统计质量控制、数据收集和整理:

SQC-1统计质量控制、数据收集和整理.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 1.89 MB, Downloads: 38)


1999-2003饮料数据报告:

1999-2003饮料数据报告.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 72.6 KB, Downloads: 22)


软饮料行业数据报告:

软饮料行业数据报告.rar
(2009-01-17 09:36:44, Size: 72.6 KB, Downloads: 29)


fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:50:00
食品词典
乳品微生物学:

乳品微生物学.rar
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 955 KB, Downloads: 36)


臭氧灭菌的相关资料:

臭氧灭菌的相关资料.rar
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 108 KB, Downloads: 40)


婴幼儿营养学:

婴幼儿营养学.rar
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 178 KB, Downloads: 30)


食品营养学2:

食品营养学2.rar
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 95.2 KB, Downloads: 53)


食品营养学1:

食品营养学1.rar
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 30.3 KB, Downloads: 56)


食品包装学:

食品包装学.rar
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 26.9 KB, Downloads: 47)


食品添加剂电子书:

食品添加剂电子书.rar
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 1.14 MB, Downloads: 90)


蛋白质基础知识:

蛋白质基础知识.rar
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 322 KB, Downloads: 36)


食用油脂的营养及安全性分析:

食用油脂的营养及安全性分析.pdf
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 298 KB, Downloads: 45)


营养与膳食指南:

营养与膳食指南.rar
(2009-01-17 09:50:00, Size: 1.17 MB, Downloads: 55)


fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:50:54
保健食品
保健食品是指“表明”具有特定保健功能的食品。即适宜于特定人群食用,可能具有调节机体功能,不以治疗疾病为目的的食品。
保健食品标签和说明书必须符合国家有关标准和要求,并标明下列内容:
(一)保健作用和适宜人群;
(二)食用方法和适宜的食用量;
(三)贮藏方法;
(四)功效成分的名称及含量。因在现有技术条件下,不能明确功效成分的,则须标明与保健功能有关的原料名称;
(五)保健食品批准文号;
(六)保健食品标志;
(七)有关标准或要求所规定的其它标签内容。
保健食品的名称应当准确、科学,不得使用人名、地名、代号及夸大容易误解的名称,不得使用产品中非主要功效成分的名称。
保健食品的标签、说明书和广告内容必须真实,符合其产品质量要求,不得有暗示可使疾病痊愈的宣传。
申请《保健食品批准证书》必须提交下列资料:
(一)保健食品申请表;
(二)保健食品的配方、生产工艺及质量标准;
(三)毒理学安全性评价报告;
(四)保健功能评价报告;
(五)保健食品的功效成分名单,以及功效成分的定性和/或定量检验方法、稳定性试验报告。因在现有技术条件下,不能明确功效成分的,则须提交食品中与保健功能相关的主要原料名单;
(六)产品的样品及其卫生学检验报告;
(七)标签及说明书(送审样);
(八)国内外有关资料;
(九)根据有关规定或产品特性应提交的其它材料。
申请生产保健食品时,必须提交下列资料:
(一)有直接管辖权的卫生行政部门发放的有效食品生产经营卫生许可证;
(二)《保健食品批准证书》正本或副本;
(三)生产企业制订的保健食品企业标准、生产企业卫生规范及制订说明;
(四)技术转让或合作生产的,应提交与《保健食品批准证书》的持有者签定的技术转让或合作生产的有效合同书;
(五)生产条件、生产技术人员、质量保证体系的情况介绍;
(六)三批产品的质量与卫生检验报告。
保健食品的批文取得,不需要大规模的疗效、不良反应验证结果。与药品不同,主要是无副作用。
fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:52:00
什么是水的含盐量
什么是水的含盐量
    水的含盐量(也称矿化度)是表示水中所含盐类的数量。由于水中各种盐类一般均以离子的形式存在,所以含盐量也可以表示为水中各种阳离子的量和阴离子的量的和。
  水的含盐量与溶解固体的含义有所不同,因为溶解固体不仅包括水中的溶解盐类,还包括有机物质。同时,水的含盐量与总固体的含义也有所不同,因为总因休不仅包括溶解固体,还包括不溶解于水的悬浮固体。所以,溶解固体和总固体在数量上都要比含盐量高。但是在不很严格的情况下,当水比较清净时,水中的有机物质含量比较少,有时候也用溶解固体的含量来近似地表示水中的含盐量。当水特别清净的时候,悬浮固体的含量也比较少(如地下水),因此有时也可以用总固体的含量来似表示水中的含盐量。

fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:53:27
啤酒的度数
很多朋友将12度的啤酒误认为含有 12%的酒精浓度,其实啤酒的度数和白酒度数的含义是两码事,白酒的度数是其酒精含量。而啤酒的度数实际上指的是麦汁浓度,即12度的啤酒是用含糖量为12度的麦芽汁酿造成的啤酒。成品啤酒的含糖量大约在1.5-2.5%之间。而啤酒的酒精含量多数在3.5% 至4% 之间。德国啤酒中酒精浓度则较高,大约在5-9%之间。而且苦味比较重。
啤酒B瓶
所谓B瓶,就是在啤酒瓶底以上20毫米范围内打有专用标记B,并有生产企业标记、生产的年和季度等标识。比如瓶脚打有"BACIGD2885198田"标记,分别表示:B瓶、××玻璃厂、广东、B瓶模具号、99年第二季度。  
    据介绍,B瓶的安全性高于非B瓶,关键是"耐内压力"标准在1.2以上。而非B瓶对此没严格限定,如被碰撞或受热不均等,可能爆炸。  
    但专家提醒,即使用B瓶,也不要曝晒火烤、碰撞敲打。  
    "B瓶话题"早在1996年就出现。当时国家技监局制订了啤酒瓶的新标准,规定要有"B"字标记等。这有助改变啤酒瓶与其它瓶子混用的状况,也为今后限定啤酒瓶使用期打下基础。  
    新标准从1997年起实施。有关方面要求全国的啤酒瓶生产企业尽快淘汰非B瓶。但不少企业我行我素。  
    今年3月,国家技监局发布通知,要求啤酒生产企业从4月起,所用的啤酒瓶都须符合新标准。啤酒销售者从6月起,不再销售与新标准不符的瓶装啤酒。凡有违反,即为产品存在危及人身、财产安全的隐患,要受到查处。
fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:53:58
健康食品
直至现时为止,香港或其它西方国家如美国和澳洲在法律上并没有对健康食品下定义,而台湾就把健康食品定义为「提供特殊营养素或具有特定之保健功效,特别加以标示或广告,而非以治疗矫正人类疾病为目的之食品」。现时在市场上所谓的健康食品包括食物补充品、功能食品和天然食品等,虽然卫生署及食物环境卫生署监管健康食品上的卷标、营养声称和营养素功能声称,但是消费者委员会曾发现市场上部分产品有夸张失实的声称,更有部分不乎合世界卫生组织的水平。消费者必须查看清楚产品的来源、性质及功能,亦不要尽信售货员的推销,应咨询有关专业人士的意见。
fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:54:22
花青素

花青素
自然界有超过300种不同的花青素。他们来源于不同种水果和蔬菜如葡萄、接骨木红、黑加仑、紫胡罗卜和红甘蓝、颜色从红到蓝。在此天然色系中,科汉森提供几种不同色素的产品。
花青素颜色随PH值发生变化,从当PH值为3时的覆盆子红到当PH值为5时的深蓝莓红。在大多数应用中这些色素具有良好的光、热和PH稳定性,并且能够承受巴氏和UHT热处理。花青素广泛地应用在饮料、糖果、果冻和果酱中。
近年来对作为多酚的花青素对健康可能带来的好处的关注越来越集中。将来花青素的这种特性在功能食品和保健食品中有可能得到日益应用。

fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:54:48
葡萄糖内脂
葡萄糖内脂(简称GDL)是由葡萄糖氧化成葡萄糖酸或其盐类,经纯化脱盐、脱色、浓缩、结晶而制得,是一种多功能食品添加剂。随着食品工业的发展,GDL在食品工业中应用日益增广,概括起来主要有以下几个方面:
一、用作豆腐凝固剂。采用GDL作为蛋白质凝固剂生产豆腐,豆腐质地洁白细嫩,无用卤水或石膏所具有的苦涩味,无蛋白质流失,出豆腐率高,且使用方便。鉴于GDL单独使用时,豆腐有微酸味,因此常把GDL和CaSO4或其他凝固剂按1∶3~2∶3配比混合使用,其用量为干豆重的2.5%,温度控制4℃左右时效果很好。
二、作为奶类胶凝剂。主要用于生产酸奶或奶酪,在工业使用中,用GDL酸化形成牛乳的凝胶强度是发酵型的2倍左右,其用量在添加0.025%~1.5%在牛乳中后使可使制品达到所需凝乳pH,而在添加3%时在30℃下保温所制得的牛乳凝胶与乳酸发酵所制作的凝胶具有相似的结构。
三、作为品质改良剂。将GDL用于午餐肉和碎猪肉罐头,可增加发色剂的效果,从而降低毒性较大的亚硝酸盐的用量,同时GDL还具有乳化作用,防腐作用等,从而提高肉糜罐头的品质,其最大用量为0.3%。
四、作为酸化剂。GDL可以添加于香草精、巧克力、香蕉等甜味果子露和果冻中,是复合膨松剂中的主要酸性物质,能缓慢产生碳酸气,可以生产别具风味的糕点。
此外,GDL还可作为螯合剂用在乳制品工业,啤酒工业中防止生成乳石、酒石;作为蛋白南絮凝剂用于含蛋白质的工业废水处理中;作为膨松剂也被广泛的应用。

fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:55:14
营养学
营养的英语单词Nutrition被解释为:
●一个生物体吸收,使用食物和液体来保持正常的功能,生长,以及自我维护的有机过程。
●对食品,饮料对健康和疾病的关系的研究。
●一种追求营养成分和全部食物的最佳搭配,达到身体的最佳性能的观念和想法。
概述
即使在象20世纪60年代那样近的年代,医生依然告诉他们的病人:营养与他们的健康几乎没有关系。现在我们有了另外的认识:“你就是你吃的东西!”
营养学,人体每天摄入大量的食物,都是为了获得足够的营养物质。人体不断从外界摄取食物,经过消化、吸收、代谢和利用食物中身体需要的物质(养分或养料)以维持生命活动的全过程。
●RDA=每日营养建议摄入量
●SDA=每日最大安全摄入量
●自由基:机体氧化反应中产生的有害化合物,具有强氧化性,可损害机体的组织和细胞,进而引起慢性疾病及衰老效应。
●抗氧化剂:它是一类能帮助捕获并中和自由基,从而祛除自由基对人体损害的一类物质。如维生素A、C、E、硒、锌、铜和锰等。
●体育营养学
●运动营养学
●植物营养学
●护理营养学
营养物质
水、糖类、脂类、蛋白质、无机盐、矿物质和维生素
维生素A、维生素B1 、维生素B2、烟酸、维生素B6、叶酸、维生素B12、维生素C、维生素D、维生素E、维生素K
fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 09:56:46
中外菜名英汉对照(1)
炒饭 fried rice
炒甘蓝菜 fried kale
炒鸽松 fried minced pigeon
炒滑鱼球 fried fish balls
炒鸡蛋 scrambled egg
炒鸡丁 stir-fried chicken cubes
炒鸡什 fried chicken giblets
炒鸡丝 fried/stir-fried chicken shreds

北京烤鸭 fried pork stomach & chicken gizzard
荸荠罐 Beijing (roast) duck
碧绿酿仙掌 shrimp-stuffed fairy feet
碧绿野鸡卷 stir-fried pork rolls with broccoli
碧玉珠虾 azure jade freshwater shrimp
冰糖肘子 pork joint stewed with rock sugar
冰汁银耳 white fungus in honey sauce
玻璃虾球 "glassy" shrimp beancurd with spinach
菠菜 spinach
菠菜豆腐 stewed beancurd with spinach
菠菜豆腐汤 spinach & beancurd soup
菠菜泥 chopped spinach with ham & carrots
菠菜汤 spinach soup
菠萝焗烧鸭 fried duck with pineapple
菠萝鸭片 sliced duck with prineapple
菜扒三菇 mushrooms with vegetables
菜饭 vegetable rice
菜脯煎蛋 omelet with salted & dried radish
菜干 dried vegetable
菜片鹌鹑松 minced quail with lettuce
菜心狮子头 greens & Chinese meatballs
菜心双元汤 soup of chicken and fish balls with vegetables
菜心素鳗 mustard green stem with vegetables
菜蘧鸡球 fried chicken balls with vegetables
菜蘧鸡球饭 rice with chicken balls & vegetable
菜蘧牛肉 fried beef with vegetables
菜蘧肉片汤 sliced pork & vegetable soup
菜蘧虾球 prawn balls with green kale
草菇 straw mushroom
草菇鲍鱼 abalone with button mushrooms
草菇菜心 cabbage heart with mushrooms; straw mushroom with stems of mustard greens
草菇罐 canned straw mushrooms
叉烧肉 barbecued/broiled pork
叉烧肉鸡蛋花 barbecued pork with stuffed eggs
茶叶蛋 tea flavoured egg
长寿菜 longevity greens/mustard green
长寿面 long-life noodles
炒扁豆 stir-fried green beans
炒大虾 fried prawns
炒蛋 scrambled eggs
炒冬菇 fried mushrooms
炒豆苗 fried bean sprouts
炒肚尖 fried pig
炒腊肉 stir-fried smoked pork


炒龙虾片 fried sliced lobster


炒面 fried noodle


炒木须肉 stir-fried pork and eggs


炒牛肉丝 fried beef slices; fried shredded beef


炒肉丁 fried diced meat/pork; fried meat cubes


炒肉丝 fried pork shreds


炒软肝 fried liver


炒双脆 fried kidney with pork tripe


炒双冬 fried bamboo shoots with mushrooms


炒四件 fried chicken liver & giblets with fungus & bamboo shoots


炒虾球 fried shrimp balls


炒虾腰 fried shrimp & pig kidney


炒响玲 fried bell shaped pork


炒蟹粉 fried crab meal

炒蟹肉 fried crab meal

炒雪笋 fried bamboo shoots

炒羊肚 fried lamb tripe

炒腰花 stir-fried kidney with assorted vegetable

炒腰片 fried sliced (pork) kidney; fried sliced raw pig
川翼洋菇 stuffed chicken wing soup
串烤牛仔 veal brochettes
鹑蛋猪肚汤 pork stomach soup with quail eggs
葱爆牛肉 sliced beef with scallions fried
葱烤排骨 spare-ribs with scallion
葱烧海参 scallion flavoured sea cucumbers
葱烧鸭 onions duck
葱烧鲫鱼 stewed carp with scallions
葱酥鲫鱼 braised crisp crucian carp
葱蒜炒双肝 stir-fried liver with scallions & garlic
葱油肥鸡 boiled chicken with onion oil
葱油烤鱼 roast fish with scallions
葱油淋嫩鸡 chicken steamed with scallions
醋辣鸡 chicken in sour and chilli sauce
醋溜白菜 cabbage with sweet & sour sauce
醋溜肥蟹 fried crabs with sweet & sour sauce
醋溜黄鱼 yellow fish with honey sauce; sweet & sour yellow fish
醋溜鱼卷 fish rolls in sour sauce
醋溜鱼片 fish slices in vinegar gravy; sweet & sour sliced fish
脆皮八宝鸭 crisp fried stuffed duck
脆皮豆腐 crispy-skinned beancurd
脆皮鳜鱼 fried mandarin fish in sour and sweet
脆皮鸡 crispy skinned chicken; chicken barbecued with spices; fried crisp chicken
脆皮全鱼 barbecued mandarin fish
脆皮乳鸽 roast spring pigeon
脆皮烧肥鸡 crispy-skin chicken
脆皮虾球 crisp shrimp balls
脆皮鸭 crispy skinned duck; duck barbecued with spices
脆皮鱼 fried crisp fish
脆皮炸腐角 deep-fried stuffed beancurd
脆皮鱿鱼 deep fried squids
脆皮鲳鱼 crispy pomfret
大地炒鸽松 stir-fried minced dove with bream
大红肠 bologna sausage
大黄瓜 cucumber
大龙虾沙拉 lobster salad
大卤面 boiled noodles with fungus; sliced pork & eggs
大拼盆 assorted cold dish
大肉面 pork noodles
大蒜鲶鱼 catfish with garlic
大头菜 black salted turnip
大闸蟹 steamed crab
带汤速煮面 instant noodles & soup base
蛋炒饭 fried rice with eggs
蛋花汤 soup of egg flakes
蛋饺 egg dumplings
蛋皮鱼卷 fried fish roll
灯笼鸡 chicken wrapped in cellophane/paper
冬菜 spiced cabbage


陈皮大虾 orange flavoured prawns
陈皮鸡 chicken with orange flavor; orange flavoured chicken
陈皮牛肉 beef with orange peel; orange flavoured chicken
陈皮子鸡 chenpi chicken; chicken fried with orange peel
成都子鸡 sauteed chicken; stir-fried chicken in Chengtu style
豉椒鸭片 fried sliced duck in chili bean sauce
豉汁牛肉 fried beef with soybean sauce
豉汁排骨 spareribs with soybean sauce
豉汁田鸡 fried frog with soybean sauce
臭豆腐 fried beancurd of strong odour
臭豆腐干 fried pungent beancurd
川椒炒白菜 stir-fried cabbage with peppers
川鸭掌 duck
fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 10:00:41
中外菜名英汉对照(2)
耳环鱿鱼 squid-shreds in Sichuan style

发菜鱼翅 hair-like seaweed with shark fins
番瓜 pumpkin

冬菇扒豆腐 braised Chinese mushrooms & beancurd
冬菇白菜 winter mushroom and Chinese cabbage
冬菇菜心 winter mushroom & mustard green stem
冬菇冬瓜汤 winter mushroom and winter melon soup
冬菇豆腐 beancurd with winter mushrooms
冬菇鸡片汤 sliced chicken & mushroom soup
冬菇扣肉 red-fried vegetarian pork with winter mushroom
冬菇汤 winter mushroom & duck giblet soup
冬菇鸭杂汤 white gourd
冬瓜 white gourd
冬瓜火腿夹 hamstuffed white gourd in broth
冬瓜三味汤 three-flavored white gourd soup
冬瓜鸭块 duck cutlets with white gourd
冬笋鸡片 fried sliced chicken with bamboo shoots
冻鸡 chicken in aspic
冻肉 cold pork; meat in aspic
冻肉卷 galantine
豆瓣鳜鱼 mandarin fish in chilli bean sauce
豆瓣酱 broad bean paste
豆瓣鲤鱼 carp braised with hot bean paste; crucian carp in chilli bean sauce
豆瓣牛肉 beef in chilli bean sauce
豆瓣鸭块 duck cutlets in chilli sauce
豆包 wet skin of beancurd
豆腐 beancurd
豆腐干丝汤 dry beancurd shreds soup; shredded dried beancurd soup
豆腐海带汤 beancurd & kelp soup; beancurd & edible seaweed soup
豆腐花 uncongealed beancurd
豆腐脑 uncongealed beancurd
豆干 dried tofu
豆苗虾仁 fried shrimp with pea shoots; fried shrimp with bean-leaves
豆皮 skin of beancurd
豆豉生蚝 stir-fried oysters with black beans
豆豉虾仁 fresh shrimp with black beans
豆豉蒸鲤鱼 carp steamed with fermented black beans
豆豉蒸排骨 steamed spareribs with fermented black beans
炖鸭 stewed duck
炖猪脚 stewed pig
蕃茄蛋花汤 tomato & egg soup
蕃茄豆腐汤 tomato & beancurd soup
蕃茄锅巴 tomato & pot-stuck rice
蕃茄牛肉饭 rice with tomato & beef
蕃茄鱼片 tomato & fish slices
蕃茄玉米汤 tomato & corn soup
方便面 instant noodles
翡翠牛肉丸 emerald-jade beef croquettes
翡翠乌鱼子 emerald-jade caviar
粉丝 mungbean noodle
粉蒸鸡 steamed chicken with rice flour
粉蒸肉 steamed pork with rice flour
风鸡 dry breezed chicken; dry-blown chicken
凤城炒鳝鱼丝 stir-fried eel shreds
凤肝菜胆 chicken livers with vegetables
凤肝鸽片 sliced pigeon & chicken liver
凤肝螺片 fried whelk slice & chicken livers
凤肝鲜鱿鱼 chicken livers with squid rolls
凤肝鲜鱿鱼卷 chicken liver & squid rolls
凤凰大拼盘 phoenix appetizer plate
凤尾虾 phoenix-tailed prawns
凤尾腰花 fried kidney
凤尾鱼 long-tailed anchovy
凤爪冬菇汤 mushroom & chicken feet soup
凤爪汤 vegetable chicken feet soup
凤爪冬菇汤 mushroom & chicken feet soup
凤爪甲鱼汤 turtle & chicken feet soup
芙蓉菜花 cauliflower with egg-white
芙蓉蛋 fried egg-white
芙蓉鸡片 chicken slices with egg-white; omelet chicken slices; sliced chicken in egg-white sauce
芙蓉虾仁 shrimps with egg-white
芙蓉蟹肉 crab meat with egg-white sauce
芙蓉竹笋汤 Sichuan bamboo shoot and egg-white soup
蕃茄蛋花汤 tomato & egg soup
蕃茄豆腐汤 tomato & beancurd soup
蕃茄锅巴 tomato & pot-stuck rice
蕃茄牛肉饭 rice with tomato & beef
蕃茄鱼片 tomato & fish slices
蕃茄玉米汤 tomato & corn soup
方便面 instant noodles
翡翠牛肉丸 emerald-jade beef croquettes
翡翠乌鱼子 emerald-jade caviar
粉丝 mungbean noodle
粉蒸鸡 steamed chicken with rice flour
粉蒸肉 steamed pork with rice flour
风鸡 dry breezed chicken; dry-blown chicken
凤城炒鳝鱼丝 stir-fried eel shreds
凤肝菜胆 chicken livers with vegetables
凤肝鸽片 sliced pigeon & chicken liver
凤肝螺片 fried whelk slice & chicken livers
凤肝鲜鱿鱼 chicken livers with squid rolls
凤肝鲜鱿鱼卷 chicken liver & squid rolls
凤凰大拼盘 phoenix appetizer plate
凤尾虾 phoenix-tailed prawns
凤尾腰花 fried kidney
凤尾鱼 long-tailed anchovy
凤爪冬菇汤 mushroom & chicken feet soup
凤爪汤 vegetable chicken feet soup

凤爪冬菇汤 mushroom & chicken feet soup

凤爪甲鱼汤 turtle & chicken feet soup
芙蓉菜花 cauliflower with egg-white
芙蓉蛋 fried egg-white
芙蓉鸡片 chicken slices with egg-white; omelet chicken slices; sliced chicken in egg-white sauce
芙蓉虾仁 shrimps with egg-white
芙蓉蟹肉 crab meat with egg-white sauce
芙蓉竹笋汤 Sichuan bamboo shoot and egg-white soup
fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 10:01:44
中外菜名英汉对照(3)
甘蓝菜 kale borecole
橄榄菜 kale borecole
高丽肉条 deep-fried pork strips Korean style
高丽虾丸 prawn balls in Korean style
鸽蛋 pigeon eggs
鸽蛋扒鸭 braised duck with pigeon eggs
鸽蛋肝汤 quail egg & liver soup
鸽蛋土司 toast fried with quail eggs
鸽汤 pigeon soup
蛤蜊汤 clam soup
蛤蜊蒸蛋 steamed eggs with clams
各式炒蛋 assorted omelets
公司汤 soup of the day
宫保鸡丁 chicken cubes with peanuts; diced chicken with paprika; diced chicken in chilli sauce; stir-fried chicken with dried red pepper
宫保虾仁 pungent vegetarian shrimps
宫保鱿鱼 stir-fried squid rools
宫爆鸡丁 chicken cubes with peanuts; diced chicken with paprika; diced chicken in chilli sauce; stir-fried chicken with dried red pepper
宫爆腰花 stir-fried kidney with chilli and peanuts
咕噜蜜肉 sweet & sour pork; Cantonese/Guangdong style
古老肉 fried pork in sweet and sour sauce
古老肉 sweet & sour boneless pork
挂绿虾丸 prawn balls with vegetable
怪味鸡 spiced chicken with a wonderful taste; chicken with special hot sauce
怪味牛百叶 ox tripe of Sichuan style
罐头牛肉 canned beef
罐头碎牛肉 canned corned beef
罐焖鸭子 braised duck en casserole
罐焖羊肉 mutton en casserole
广东叉烧肉 Guangdong Cantonese roast pork
广东泡菜 Guangdong Cantonese pickled vegetable
广州炒饭 fried rice in Guangdong style
广州烩饭 steamed rice Guangdong style
贵妃斑鱼卷 stir-fried fish rolls with corn
贵妃鸡 chicken wings & legs braised in brown sauce; chicken wings & legs with brown sauce
锅巴 crispy rice
锅巴海参 sea cucumbers in crisp rice
锅巴肉片 sliced meat with crispy rice; meat pieces with crispy rice
锅巴三鲜 soup of rice crust and three delicacies
锅巴虾仁 fried shrimps with crisp rice
锅巴虾仁 shrimp with crisp rice
锅烧羊肉 braised mutton
锅塌豆腐 baked beancurd
锅贴明虾 fried fresh prawns on toast
锅贴鸭 fried duck cutlets
锅贴鸭片 pan-baked steamed duck
红萝卜 carrot
红烧鲍鱼 red-cooked abalone
红烧唇翅 shark,s lip & fin in brown sauce
红烧豆腐 beancurd with brown sauce; red-cooked beancurd pieces
红烧肚子 stewed pork tripe
红烧对虾 stewed prawns in soya sauce
红烧干贝 stewed scallops with brown sauce
红烧广肚 shark,s tripe braised in brown sauce
红烧海参 sea cucumbers braised in brown sauce; red-cooked sea cucumber
红烧河鳗 braised eel with brown sauce
红烧黄鱼 red-cooked yellow fish
红烧鸡 braised chicken
红烧甲鱼 turtle in brown sauce
红烧面结 carp in brown knots
红烧明虾 fried prawns braised in brown sauce; fried prawns with brown sauce
红烧牛肉 beef with brown sauce; braised beef
红烧牛杂拌 braised beef offal
红烧牛腩 stewed beef tenderloin chunks
红烧排骨 spareribs braised in brown sauce; red-cooked spareribs
红烧茄子 red-cooked eggplant
红烧全鸭 braised whole duck in soy sauce
红烧全鱼 mandarin fish with brown sauce
红烧肉 braised pork; pork braised in brown sauce; stewed pork with brown sauce; red-cooked pork
红烧狮子头 pork balls stewed in brown sauce
红烧啼筋 braised pork tendons



海参 sea cucumber; [France] beche-de-mer
海参锅巴 sea cucumber with crispy rice
海米白菜 Chinese cabbage with dried shrimps
海米白菜汤 cabbage soup with dried shrimps
海堂百花菇 stuffed mushrooms with shrimp paste
海蜇皮 (salted) jellyfish
海蜇双脆 crispy jellyfish
海鳝 sea sturgeon
蚝油焗鸡 stewed chicken with oyster sauce
蚝油扒凤翼 chicken wings with oyster sauce
蚝油扒鸭 grilled duck with oyster sauce
蚝油菜心 green cabbage in oyster sauce
蚝油叉烧 roast pork with oyster sauce
蚝油冬菇 fresh mushrooms with oyster sauce
蚝油鸡球 chicken balls with oyster sauce
蚝油鸡翼 chicken wings in oyster sauce
蚝油煎鸡脯 sauteed chicken with oyster sauce
蚝油牛肉 oyster sauce beef; stir-fried beef with oyster sauce; beef in oyster-sauce
荷包蛋 poached eggs
荷叶米粉蒸肉 pork steamed with rice flour in lotus leaves
荷叶蒸鸡 steamed chicken wrapped in lotus leaves
核桃鸡丁 stir-fried chicken with walnuts; diced chicken with walnuts
合菜带帽 assorted vegetable covered with egg; fried various vegetable with eggs
红扒鱼翅 braised shark
红烧鱼肚 braised fish maw; fish tripe with brown sauce
红烧鱼头 stewed fish head with brown sauce
红烧鱼丸 fish balls with/in brown sauce
红烧鱼圆 fish balls with/in brown sauce
红烧鳗鱼 braised congo eel
红油肚丁 pork tripe with hot pepper oil
红油鸡丁 diced chicken with hot sauce
红油鸡块 cold chicken appetizer with hot sauce
红油鸭掌 duck webs in chilli sauce
红油鱼肚 fish maw in chilli sauce
红糟鸭片 duck slices in wine sauce
红枣小鸡 dried red dates with vegetable chicken
红焖牛肉 braised beef
红焖笋尖 braised bamboo shoots tips
红焖肘子 braised pork joint
红焖猪腿 braised leg of pork
红煨牛肉 stewed beef
红煨羊肉 haricot mutton
葫芦八宝鸡 gourd-shaped chicken with stuffing
胡瓜 pickled cucumbers
蝴蝶大拼盘 butterfly appetizer
蝴蝶明虾 prawns with mushrooms
虎皮鹑蛋 wrapped quail eggs
花灯大拼盘 colored lantern appetizer plate
花瓜 pickled cucumbers
花瓜炖鸡 chicken & pickled cucumber stew
花椒牛肉 cayenne beef
花生酱 peanut butter/paste
花生蒸肉 steamed pork with peanuts
滑蛋牛肉 fried beef with scrambled eggs
滑蛋牛肉饭 rice with sliced beef & eggs
滑蛋鱼片 fried fish pieces with scrambled eggs
滑溜里脊 pork slices with gravy
滑牛肉丸汤 beef ball soup
滑肉片 sliced pork with cream sauce
滑肉汤面 boiled noodles with pork
滑鱼片汤 sliced fish soup
黄豆芽 yellow soybean sprout
黄瓜滑肉片汤 cucumber & sliced meat soup
黄酒焖全鸭 braised duck in rice wine
黄酒焖猪排 braised pork chops in rice wine
黄鱼羹 yellow fish soup
回锅肉 double-cooked pork slices; stir-fried boiled pork slices in hot sauce
回锅鱼翅 double-cooked shark’s fin
烩红椒 red peppers in gravy
烩鸡丝 chicken shreds with peas
烩鸭丝 duckling shreds & mixed vegetable soup
烩鸭掌 braised duck feet/webs
火锅 chafing dish
火腿 ham (pork); Chinese ham (pork)


红烧丸子 stewed meat balls
红烧鸭 duck with brown sauce
红烧羊肉 stewed mutton
红烧鱼 fish in brown sauce
红烧鱼翅 braised shark
fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 10:02:26
海鲜英文菜谱
1.红烧海参 sea slugs with brown sauce
2.鸡绒海参 sea slugs with chicken cream
3.海参锅巴 sea slugs with crisp rice
4.什锦海参 mixed sea slugs
5.虾子海参 shrimp eggs & sea slugs
6.红烧明虾 fried prawns with brown sauce )
7.炸明虾 prawn cutlets .
8.烧明虾 broiled Prawns with chili sauce
9.椒盐明虾 prawns with spiced salt
10.煎明虾段 fried prawns sections
11.干烧龙虾 broiled lobster with chili sauce
12.铁扒龙虾 grilled lobster

13.烤龙虾 broiled lobster
14.龙虾浓汽 bisque of lobster
15.腰果虾仁 fried shrimps with cashew nuts ;
16.笋炒虾仁 fried shrimps with bamboo shoots
17.青豆虾仁 fried shrimps with green peas
18.茄汁虾仁 fried shrimps with tomato sauce
19.清炒虾仁 shrimps saute

20.虾仁豆腐 shrimps with bean curd
21.茄汁虾球 shrimp balls with tomato sauce
22.锅巴虾仁 fried shrimps with crisp rice
23.豆苗虾仁 fried shrimps with bean-leaf
24.盐焗虾 salted shrimps
25.凰尾虾 phoenix tail prawns

26.油爆虾 sauteed shrimps
27.豆豉虾仁 fresh shrimps with fermented soya beans
28.虾仁炒蛋 fried shrimps omelet
29.玉兰虾球 prawn ba11s & broccoli
30.炒虾腰 fried shrimp & pig kidney
31.炒虾球 fried shrimp balls
32.炸虾球 shrimps fritters
33.虾仁炒饭 fried rice with shrimps

34.面拖虾 shrimp fritter
35.芙蓉蟹肉 crab meat with egg
36.炒蟹肉 fried crab meat P+n`
37.蟹肉芥兰 broccoli with crab meat
38.醉蟹 wine preserved crab :
39.蟹扒鲜菇 mushrooms with crab meat

40.蟹肉粟米奠 sweet corn with crab meat
fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 10:03:01
特殊膳食食品标准英文名称
特殊膳食中低盐食品标准(包括盐代用品)  Standard for Special Dietary Foods with Low-sodium Content (including Salt Substitutes)
婴儿配方食品标准  Standard for Infant formula  
罐装的幼儿食品标准  Standard for Canned Baby Foods  
加工的婴幼儿谷类食品标准  Standard for Processed Cereal-based Foods for Infants and Children
无麸质食品标准 Standard for Gluten-Free Foods   
特殊膳食的预包装食品的标签及说
明的通用标准  General Standard for the Labelling of and Claims for Prepackaged Foods for Special Dietary Uses
断奶后的配方食品标准 Standard for Follow-Up formula   
特殊疗效作用食品的标签及说明  Standard for the Labelling of and Claims for Foods for Special Medical  Purposes
控制体重用配方食品标准  Standard for formula Foods for Use in Weight Control  Diets  
减少体重用极低能量配方食品标准  Standard for formula Foods for Use in Very Low Energy Diets for Weight Reduction

fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 10:03:44
食品添加剂相关的英文缩略语
食品添加剂相关的英文缩略语:'#xMqp
ADI :(Acceptable Daily Intakes)每日人体每千克允许摄入量,常用单位为mg/kg.oiM
CAC :(Codex Alimentarius Commission) (联合国)食品法规委员会LzY-u?
CAS :(Chemical Abstracts Service number) 美国化学文摘服务社编号d
CCFA :(Codex Committee on Food Additives)(联合国)食品添加剂法规委员会PdxK
CE或COE : (Council of Europe)欧洲理事会.:at3A
CFR : (Code of Federal Ragulations-USA)美国联邦法规索引J8|@
C.I.: (Colour Index) 染料索引号sC
CXAS: (Codex Advisory Specifications)CAS认可的质量标准m
D.E :  (Dextrose Equivalent value) 葡萄糖当量值ENN
EC: (Enzyme Commission of IUB)国际生物化学联合会酶委员会(用于酶的系统命名和编号系统)[a
EEC:(European Economic Community) 欧洲经济共同体:>XD-
EOA: (the Essential Oil Association of USA)美国精油协会b
FAO:(Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation)联合国食品与农业组织(也称联合国粮农组织)=|
FCC: (Food Chemicals Codex)美国食用化学品法典F
FDA: (Food and Drug Administration)(美国)食品和药物管理局$GJ?
FD&C:(Food,Drug and Cosmetic)(美国)食品、药物和化妆品(编号)W`Kwbc
FFMA: (Flavour Extract Manufacture's Association)(美国)食用香料制造者协会x?.G
FNP:(FAO Food and Nutrition Paper) (FAO编号)食品和营养报告;cfN!
GB :中华人民共和国国家标准]I`l;U
GMP:(Good Manufacturing Practice) 良好操作规程P`
GRAS:(Generally Recognized As Safe)一般公认安全的9
HACSG: (Hyperalive Children's Support Group of EEC)欧共体儿童保护集团$:a4o
IFRA: (International Fragrance Association)国际日用香料香精协会v'/
INS: (International Nunbering System)(CAC 1989年通过的食品添加剂)国际编号系统 (用于食品添加剂)4GhDU)
JAS: (Japanese Agricultural Standard)日本农林规格!
JECFA: (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)FAO/WHO食品添加剂专家联合委员会l
LD50: (50% Lethal Dose) 半数致死量,亦称致死中量x
MNL: (Maximum No-effect Level) 最大无作用量(亦称最大耐受量)J
QB :中华人民共和国轻工业部部标准*
SCF: (Scientific Committee for Foods of the EEC)欧洲经济共同体食品科学委员会d&-
WHO:(World Health Organization)(联合国)世界卫生组织>vD

fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 10:04:27
各式食材中英文对照
A. 面粉类
麵粉/中筋麵粉  Plain flour /all-purpose flour
低筋麵粉/低根粉  cake flour / soft flour / weak flour / low protein flour
高筋麵粉/筋麵/根麵/高根粉  gluten flour / strong flour / bread flour / baker’s flour / high protein flour
小麦面粉  Whole meal flour  
全麥麵粉  whole wheat flour
澄麵粉/澄粉/澄麵  non-glutinous flour / wheat flour / wheat starch
自發麵粉  self- raising flour
粗玉米豆粉  polenta / yellow cornmeal
粟粉/粟米粉/玉米粉/玉米澱粉(太白粉?)   corn flour / cornstarch
生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉  potato starch / potato flour
樹薯粉/木薯粉/茨粉/菱粉/泰國生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉  Tapioca starch / tapioca flour
蕃薯粉/地瓜粉  sweet potato flour
臭粉/胺粉/阿摩尼亞粉/嗅粉  powdered baking ammonia / carbonate of ammonia / ammonia bicarbonate / ammonia carbonate / hartshorn
發粉/泡打粉/泡大粉/速發粉/蛋糕發粉  baking powder
蘇打粉/小蘇打/梳打粉/小梳打/食粉/重曹  baking soda / bicarb ofsoda
塔塔粉/他他粉  cream of tartar
卡士達粉/蛋黃粉/吉士粉/吉時粉/ custard powder
卡士達/克林姆/奶皇餡/蛋奶餡  custard / pastry cream
蛋白粉  egg white powder
粘米粉/黏米粉/在來米粉/在萊米粉/再來米粉  rice flour
糕仔粉  cooked rice flour
糯米粉  glutinous rice flour / sweet rice flour
鳳片粉/熟糯米粉/糕粉/加工糕粉  fried sweet rice flour / fried glutinous rice flour
綠豆粉  mung bean flour / tepung hun kwee
小麥胚芽/麥芽粉  wheat germ
小麥蛋白/麵筋粉  wheat gluten
酵母/酒餅  yeast/ibu roti
麵包糠/麵包屑  breadcrumbs
雜糧預拌粉  multi-grain flour

B. 糖类
黑蔗糖漿/糖蜜/甘蔗糖蜜  molasses
金黃糖漿  golden syrup
楓糖漿/楓樹糖漿/楓糖  maple syrup
玉米糖漿  corn syrup/karo syrup
葡萄糖漿  glucose syrup
麥芽糖漿  barley maltsyrup/maltsyrup
麥芽糖  maltose/malt sugar
焦糖  carmael
果糖  fructos
乳糖  lactose
轉化糖  invert sugar
日式糙米糖漿  amazake
綿花糖霜  marshmallow cream cream
冰糖  rock sugar
椰糖/爪哇紅糖  palm sugar/gula malacca
黃砂糖  brown sugar
紅糖/黑糖  dark brown sugar
粗糖/黑砂糖  muscovado sugar
金砂糖  demerara sugar
原蔗糖  raw sugar/raw cane sugar/unrefined cane sugar
白砂糖/粗砂糖  white sugar/refined sugar/refined cane sugar/coarse granulated sugar
細砂糖/幼砂糖/ 幼糖  castor sugar / caster sugar(适用于做糕点)
糖份混合物  icing sugar mixture
糖粉  icing sugar/confectioners’ sugar
糖霜/點綴霜  icing/frosting
蜜葉糖/甜葉菊  stevia/honey leaf
代糖/阿斯巴甜  aspartame/sweetener/sugar substitute
什色糖珠
巧克力米/朱古力米  chocolate vermicelli
巧克力削/朱古力削  chocolate curls
巧克力珠/朱古力珠  choc bits/chocolate chips
耐烤巧克力豆  choc bits (澳洲的英文名) / chocolate chips (美國、加拿大的英文名)

C.
抹荼粉  green tea powder
馬蹄粉  water chestnut flour
葛粉  arrowroot flour
杏仁粉  almond flour/almond mieal
海苔粉  ground seaweed
涼粉/仙草  grass jelly
椰絲/椰茸/椰子粉  desiccated coconut/shredded coconut
果子凍/果凍粉/啫喱  jelly
魚膠粉/吉利丁/明膠  gelatine sheets/powdered gelatine 
大菜/大菜絲/菜燕/燕菜精/洋菜/洋菜粉/瓊脂  agar powder
白礬  alum
硼砂  borax
石膏  gypsum
鹼水/(木見)水/ 碳酸钾  alkaline water/lye water/potassium carbonate
食用色素  food colouring
香草豆/香草莢/香草片/香子蘭莢  vanilla bean/vanilla pod
香草精/雲尼拉香精/凡尼拉香精  vanilla extract/vanilla essence
香草粉  vanilla powder
班蘭粉/香蘭粉  ground pandan/ground screwpine leaves/serbok daun pandan
班蘭精/香蘭精  pandan paste/pasta pandan
玫瑰露/玫瑰露精  rosewater/rosewater essence essence
皮屑  grated zest/grated rind

D.
牛油/奶油  butter
軟化牛油  soft butter
瑪珈琳/瑪琪琳/乳瑪琳/雅瑪琳/人造奶油/菜油  margarine
起酥油/起酥瑪琪琳  pastry margarine / oleo margarine
豬油/白油/大油/板油  lard / cooking fat
酥油/雪白奶油  shortening
硬化椰子油  copha
椰油  Creamed Coconut
烤油  dripping
牛油忌廉  butter cream
淡忌廉  light cream/coffee cream/table cream
鮮奶油/忌廉/鮮忌廉  cream/whipping cream
包括﹕1 light whipping cream
     2 heavy whipping cream/heavy cream/thickened cream
     3 double cream/pure cream
酸奶油/酸忌廉/酸奶酪/酸乳酪  sour cream
酸奶   butter milk
牛奶/鮮奶/鮮乳  milk
奶粉  powdered milk / milk powder
花奶/淡奶/奶水/蒸發奶/蒸發奶水  evaporated milk
煉奶  condensedmilk/sweetened condensed milk
起士/起司/芝士/乳酪/奶酪/乾酪/乳餅  cheese
起司粉  powdered cheese
奶油起司/芝士忌廉/奶油乳酪/凝脂乳酪  cream cheese
瑪斯卡波尼起司/馬司卡膨起司/馬斯卡波涅起司/義大利乳酪  mascarpone cheese
優格/乳果/酸奶/酸乳酪  yoghurt
優酪乳  yoghurt drink/drinking yoghurt

E.
麵包/麵飽  bread
土司麵包/吐司  toast
法式吐司  french toast
裸麥麵包  rye bread
派/批  pie
塔/撻  tart
凍派/凍批  cream pie
蛋塔  egg tart / custard tart
法式蛋塔  quiche lorraine
戚風蛋糕  chiffon cake
海綿蛋糕  sponge cake
泡芙  choux pastry / puff
瑪琳/焗蛋泡  meringue
蛋蜜乳 eggnog
可麗餅  crepe
煎餅/熱餅/薄烤餅  pancake
厚鬆餅  pikelet / hotcake
墨西哥麵餅  tortillas
曲奇  cookies
慕斯/慕思  mousse
布甸/布丁  pudding
司康/比司吉 scones
舒芙蕾  souffles
洋芋塊  hash brown
英式鬆餅/瑪芬麵包  english muffin
鬆糕/瑪芬  american muffin 
格子鬆餅  waffle
手指餅乾  sponge fingers / ladyfingers / savoiardi (義大利名)
蘇打餅干  saltine crackers
威化餅乾  wafer biscuit

F. 干果/果脯
腰子豆/腰果/腰果仁/介壽果  cashew nut
花生  peanut
瓜子/南瓜子  pepitas / dried pumpkin seeds
崧子/松子仁  pine nut
栗子  chestnut
干粟子  dried chestuts
核桃/核桃仁/合桃/胡桃  walnut
杏仁/杏仁片/扁桃  almond
北杏/苦杏仁  apricot kernel / chinese almond / bitter almond
南杏  apricot kernel
榛果/榛仁  hazelnut / filbert / cobnut
開心果/阿月渾子  pistachio
堅果/澳洲堅果/夏威夷果/澳洲胡桃/澳洲栗/澳洲核桃/昆士蘭龍眼/昆士蘭栗macadamia / california nut
山胡桃/胡桃  pecan
石鼓仔/馬加拉/油桐子  candlenut / buah keras
白果/銀杏  ginkgo nut
罌粟子  poppy seed
亞答子  atap seed
乾椰絲  dessicated coconut
龍眼乾/龍眼肉/桂圓/圓肉  dried longan
葡萄乾  raisin / dried currant
無花果乾  dried fig
柿餅  dried persimmon
桃脯  dried peach
杏脯  dried apricot
蘋果脯/蘋果乾  dried apple
蜜漬櫻桃/露桃/車梨子 glace cherry/candied cherry
蜜漬鳳梨  glace pineapple/candied pineapple
糖水批把  Loquats in syrup
杏子酱  Apricot jam

杏桃果膠  apricot glaze
水蜜桃罐頭  peaches in syrup
切片水蜜桃罐頭  sliced peaches in syrup
綜合水果罐頭  cocktail fruit in syrup 

G.
味精monosodium glutamate
醋  vinegar
白醋(工研醋)  rice vinegar
白醋  white vinegar (西洋料理用的)
烏醋  black vinggar
酱油  soy sauce
蚝油  oyster sauce
麻油  sesame oil
白酒  white spirits
加饭酒  rice wine
桂花酒  osmanthus-flavored wine
芝麻酱  Sesame paste
辣椒醬  chili sauce
牛頭牌沙荼醬  bull head barbecue sauce/Chinese barbecue sauce
南乳  ermented red beancurd
薑粉  ginger powder
调味蕃茄醬  ketchup
蕃茄醬  tomato sauce (普通甜的)
蕃茄醬  tomato paste (義大利料理用的)
豆辦醬  chilli bean sauce
XO醬  XO sauce
豆豉  salt black bean  
薏米  pearl barley
西贾米  Sago
沙莪粒/西米/小茨丸  pearl sago/pearl tapioca
紅豆沙/烏豆沙  red bean paste
綠豆片  split mung bean
芝麻  Sesame Seeds  
蓮子  lotus seed
蓮蓉  lotus paste
栗蓉  chestnut puree / chestnut paste
蜜棗  preserved red dates
紅棗  chinese red dates
棗泥  red date paste
百合  dried lily bulb
金针  Tiger lily buds
陳皮  dried orange peel/dried tangerine peel
豆腐  Tofu  
腐竹  dried beancurd sticks
腐皮  beancurd sheet
酸菜  pickled mustard-green
蒸山芋  steamed sweet potatoes
咸黄瓜  salted cucumber
脱水蒜粒  dehydrated garlic granules
冬菇  dried black mushroom
木耳  Mu-er
黑木耳  black fungus / wood ear fungus / dried black fungus
海带  sea vegetable / Sea weed
燒海苔  toasted nori seaweed / roasted seaweed sushi nori
板海苔  nori seaweed / dried sea laver
燕菜  agar-agar
蝦米  dried shrimp
鱼干  dried fish
鹹蛋黃  salted egg yolk
皮蛋(糖心/ 硬心) preserved duck eggs (soft and hard yolk)
咸鸭蛋 salted duck eggs
牛肉粒  dried beef cubes
牛肉片  dried beef sliced
猪肉松  dried pork floss
腊鸭  preserved duck
鸭肫干preserved duck gizzard
烤鸭  roasted duck
方便面  instant noodles
面条  noodles
米粉  rice-noodle
粉丝  silk noodles
餛鈍皮  wonton wrapper/wonton skins
水餃皮  dumpling wrapper / dumpling skins /gyoza wrapper.
春捲皮  spring roll wrapper , egg roll wrapper......

fpexcellent的个人空间 fpexcellent 发布于2009-01-17 10:05:24
食品工业词汇
食品包装 food packaging  ( food packing , food package )
真空包装 vacuum packing
充气包装 gas flush packaging ( gas packing )
无菌包装 aseptic packaging ( aseptic packing )
营养素 nutrient
蛋白质 protein
粗蛋白质 crude protein
植物蛋白 vegetable protein
动物蛋白 animal protein
蛋白质营养学评价  nutritional evaluation
蛋白质变性 protein denaturation
蛋白质互补 complementary action of protein
氨基酸 amino acid
必需氨基酸 essential amino acid
脂肪 fat (oil and fat)
粗脂肪 crude fat
脂肪酸 fatty acid
饱和脂肪酸 saturated fatty acid
不饱和脂肪酸 unsaturated fatty acid
碳水化合物 carbohydrate
有效碳水化合物 effective carbohydrate
粗纤维 crude fiber
膳食纤维 dietary fiber
矿物质 mineral matter
微量元素 trace element
维生素 vitamin
脂溶性维生素 liposoluble vitamin (fat soluble vitamin)
水溶性维生素 water soluble vitamin
每日推荐的营养素供给量 (RDA) recommended daily nutrient allowance
水分 moisture content
水分活度 water activity
热量 calorie
固形物 solid content
可溶性固形物 soluble solid
不溶性固形物 insoluble solid
食品污染 food contamination
生物性污染 biologic contamination
化学性污染 chemical contamination
放射性污染 radioactive contamination
重金属 heavy metal
微生物毒素 microbial toxin
农药残留 residue of pesticide
兽药残留 residue of veterinary drug
食物中毒 food poisoning
酸败 rancidity
腐败 spoilage
霉变 mould
褐变 browning
食物安全毒理学评价 toxicological evaluation for food safety
人体每日允许摄入量 (ADI) acceptable daily intake (ADI)
食品感官检验 sensory analysis ( sensory evaluation)
感官特性 organoleptic attribute
食品理化检验 food physical and chemical analysis
总糖 total reducing sugar
还原糖 reducing sugar
酸度 acidity
总酸 total acid
碘价 iodine value
酸价 acid value
过氧化值 peroxide value
食品微生物学检验 food microbiological analysis
菌落总数 total plate count
大肠菌群 coliform
致病菌 pathogenic bacterium
抗生素 antibiotic
原料清理 raw material handling (raw material cleaning)
原料预处理 pretreatment of raw material
酸处理  acid treatment
硫处理 sulphuring treatment
碱处理 alkali treatment
粉碎 grinding
破碎 cracking (crushing)
打浆 mashing
搅拌 mixing
分离 separation
离心分离 centrifugal separation
过滤 filtration
膜分离 membrane separation
筛分 screening (sifting)
沉降 precipitation
浓缩 concentration
蒸馏 distillation
精馏 rectification (distilling)
蒸发 evaporation
闪蒸 flash evaporation
离子交换 ion exchange
吸附 adsorption
吸收 absorption
解吸 deabsorption
干燥 drying
脱水 dehydration
复水 rehydration
浸取 extraction
压榨 pressing
乳化 emusifying
均质 homogenizing
发酵 fermentation
酿造 brewing
糊化 gelatinization
凝沉 retrogradation
液化 liquifying (liquefaction)
糖化 saccharification (conversion)
氢化 hydrogenation
嫩化 tenderization
软化 softening
营养强化 fortification (enrichment)
膨化 extrusion (puffing)
精制 refining
烘焙 baking
熏制 smoking
保鲜 refreshment (refreshing)
冷藏 cold storage , frozen storage
速冻 quick-freezing
气调贮藏  storage in controlled atmosphere
干制保藏 drying preservation (preserved by dehydration ; drying process)
腌制保藏 curing preservation (preserved by curing process)
盐渍 salting
酱渍 saucing
糖渍 sugaring
酸渍 pickling
糟渍 cured or pickled with germented grains
辐照保藏 irradiation preservation
化学保藏 chemical preservation
成熟 ripening
后熟 maturation
灭菌 sterilization
超高温瞬时灭菌 ultra high temperature short time sterilization
商业无菌 commercial sterilization
消毒 disinfection
巴氏消毒 pasteurization
接种 inoculation
培菌 cultivation
染菌 microbiological contamination ( contamination )
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